Olfactive families

OLFACTIVE FAMILIES
7  MAJOR OLFACTIVE FAMILIES
Classification by olfactive family is a starting point for a description of a perfume, but it cannot by itself denote the specific characteristic of that perfume. Many fragrances contain aspects of different families. Even a perfume designated as "single flower" ,however subtle, will have undertones of other aromatics.
Citrus Amber / Oriental
 
The Citrus family is an old fragrance family that until recently 
consisted mainly of "freshening" eau de colognes due to the low tenacity of citrus scents. Development of newer fragrance compounds has allowed for the creation of primarily citrus fragrances.
A large fragrance class featuring the sweets lightly animalic scents of ambergris or labdanum, often combined with vanilla, flowers and woods. Can been hanced by camphorous oils and incense resins, which bring to mind Victorian era imagery of the Middle East and Far East.
Fougère Woody
 
Meaning Fern in French, built on a base of lavender, coumarin and oakmoss. Houbigant's Fougère Royale pioneered the use of this base. Many men's fragrances belong to this family of fragrances, which is characterized by its sharp herbaceous and woody scent. Fragrances that are dominated by woody scents, typically ofagar wood, sandalwood and cedar. Patchouli, with its camphoraceous smell, is commonly found in these perfumes.
Floral Leather
 
Fragrances that are dominated by a scent from one particular flower are classified as belonging to the Floral Olfactive Family, in French called a soliflore. (e.g. Serge Lutens' Sa Majeste La Rose, which is dominated by rose.) A floral bouquet contains the combination of several flowers for one global scent. This is a relatively new family of fragrances which features the scents of honey, tobacco, wood and wood tars in its middle or base notes and as cent that alludes to leather.
Chypré  
Meaning Cyprus in French, this includes fragrances built on a similar accord consisting of bergamot, oakmoss, patchouli, and labdanum. This family of fragrances is named after a perfume by François Coty. A notable example is Mitsouko (a popular name for girls in Japanese) by Guerlain.
 
INDEX
HISTORY OF PERFUMES OLFACTIVE FAMILIES FOUGERE CHYPRES WOODY
PERFUME TALK CITRUS FLORAL AMBER / ORIENTAL LEATHER
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